This book investigates a case of interregionalism, which has become a central concern in EU policy making. The EU relation to the South American regionalism project Mercosur is of special interest due to the failure of on-going negotiations regarding a free trade agreement between these two actors. Brazil, which is a rising power in the world and a hegemon in the region, is the only Mercosur member, which signed a strategic partnership with the EU. This tension between the interregional and bilateral level as a result of EU external trade policy will be analysed to evaluate its effect on Mercosur's integration process.
Should a nation concentrate on its own unemployment problems when designing strategies to tackle it? One level deeper, should a region do so too? Two main questions of this thesis are whether regional unemployment in Europe is spatially dependent and whether it is of equilibrium or disequilibrium nature. These questions are attempted to be answered through a dynamic spatial panel data model incorporating a spatial lag as well as a spatial error term, looking at a data set including 258 European regions ranging from 2003 to 2009. The results highly suggest interregional cooperation designing unemployment policies, disregarding national borders in Europe. Furthermore, the spatial decay appears to be relatively slow, highlighting non-negligible spillover effects. Lastly, regions with low shares of employees with tertiary education performed significantly worse than others.
This book is an empirical analysis of the geography of international trade, focused on interregional trade flows within Canada and the United States, but begins with an analysis of international trade flows at the international level to place Canada United States interregional trade in a global context. At the international level, international trade flows are regionally focused and the intensity of that focus has not decreased over time. At the national level, there has been substantial change within the Canada United States trading relationship. Prior to the establishment of free trade, Canada appeared to be moving into the lower-end of product quality trade relative to the United States, but now Canada appears to be moving into higher-end product quality trade with the United States. And at the regional level, trade flows have altered their spatial configuration since the establishment of free trade. Canadian provinces are now trading significantly more with the southern neighbours. The levels of interprovincial trade remain high, but the shares of provincial trade to and from the United States are now increasing.
This book answers the following question: Why can t the European Union and MERCOSUR (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay) sign an association agreement after more than ten years of negotiations? Since 1999 negotiations were conducted between the parties, on political dialogue, trade and cooperation. Through the years events occurred at global, interregional, regional and national levels, which enabled its conclusion. While South American and European negotiators could not solve the gridlocks of the negotiation, China has been dramatically increasing trade relations with MERCOSUR. This situation is addressed here with special attention. At present, MERCOSUR is becoming a very attractive region to extrarregional powers. These countries are endowed with agriculture, energy and natural resources. Brazil is a case in point, as it positions itself as one of the most important emergent powers.
Only few Palaeozoic surface exposures exist in Egypt which makes a careful and detailed study of the existing ones even more important. The Palaeozoic of North Africa and Arabia is characterized by various, important, interregional geological events and hosts important mineral and hydrocarbon resources. A better understanding of the Palaeozoic depositional history of Egypt and its integration with the sedimentary events in neighbouring areas is necessary to allow refined predictions about the lateral and vertical distribution of economically important lithologies. This is book presents lithological and facies data from the Upper Palaeozoic on the western side of the Gulf of Suez. Based on two selected outcrop sections and a review of existing, published data, a high-resolution sequence stratigraphic model is presented
Higher education plays a fundamental role in the economic development of a country in terms of meeting society's demands. Quality in higher education has been a recurring theme in recent years, especially after the creation of National Higher Education Assessment System (SINAES). Thus, this study aims to analyze the IGC of public and private universities of the five Brazilian regions in order to describe the performance of HEIs by region, identify possible intraregional and interregional discrepancies, and suggest opportunities for improvement. The results showed that public universities outperformed private ones in all regions, particularly the north and southeast regions. Regarding variability, private universities had the best performance in the center-west and no southeast regions. Regarding variability, private universities had the best performance in the center-west and north of Brazil. However, a thorough assessment of the performance of HEIs by region requires an integrative analysis of IGC results aligned with other assessment subsyste that integrate the multidimensional assessment of SINAES.
Gabor Holch presents an analysis of one of the latest developments in interregional relations, relations between the EU and East Asia. In spite of their historical ties, interaction between the two regions have been restricted to little more than trade and development projects between certain European nations and their former Asian colonies. The essay deals with the role the European Union can play in the East Asian region. Traditionally, most attention is devoted to the multilateral-intergovernmental relations which were established to provide a regulatory framework for the economic relations and political dialogue between the two regions. The high-level dialogue that arose between politicians of the two regions during the past 20-odd years, however, does not meet the standards of the period following the Cold War. The essay presents theoretical and empirical material to suggest that the aspects of the East Asia-EU interregional process linking the civil societies of the two regions make a significant contribution to the eventual strengthening of the process in the future.
Supporting regional integration has become acornerstone of the European Union s relations with other regionalgroupings across the world. The policy has evolved considerably frommodest beginnings in the 1980s to increasing commitments in bothquantitative and qualitative terms in more recent years. This studyexamines the motivations that underpin this policy evolution,drawing on rich evidence from EU interregional relations withMercosur, the Andean Community and Central America. By carefully tracingEU support for regional integration from the 1980s until today,Tobias Lenz argues that the underlying policy motivations of relevant EUactors have shifted from considerations of geopolitics to ageoeconomic impetus. This development has been accompanied by andinteracted with a strategic rivalry with the United States. This studyis of interest to students of EU external relations and comparativeregionalism.
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. In 1954 there were eight different fire-danger rating systems in use across the county. Better communication and better transportation were beginning to make mutual assistance agreements between fire control agencies more practical than in the past. State compacts, and in the case of the Federal government, interagency and interregional agreements were bringing fire control teams together from widely separated areas of the county. It became necessary to establish a national system for estimating fire danger and fire behavior to improve and simplify communications among all people concerned with wildland fires. Work on a national rating system began in 1959. By 1961, the basic structure for a four-phase rating system had been outlined and the fire phase (spread phase) was ready for field testing. However, since the remaining phases of the rating system - ignition, risk, and fuel energy - were not available, a number of fire control agencies preferred to remain with the systems then in use.