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The Geography of Canada - United States Trade
79,00 € *
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This book is an empirical analysis of the geography of international trade, focused on interregional trade flows within Canada and the United States, but begins with an analysis of international trade flows at the international level to place Canada United States interregional trade in a global context. At the international level, international trade flows are regionally focused and the intensity of that focus has not decreased over time. At the national level, there has been substantial change within the Canada United States trading relationship. Prior to the establishment of free trade, Canada appeared to be moving into the lower-end of product quality trade relative to the United States, but now Canada appears to be moving into higher-end product quality trade with the United States. And at the regional level, trade flows have altered their spatial configuration since the establishment of free trade. Canadian provinces are now trading significantly more with the southern neighbours. The levels of interprovincial trade remain high, but the shares of provincial trade to and from the United States are now increasing.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 23.01.2020
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Hierachical Regression Equations
70,00 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

Taxes on environmental externalities have long been recognized in the economics literature as a cost effective mechanism for reducing the costs of environmental degradation. However, in recent years there has been substantial interest in other possible benefits from environmental taxes, most notably, the economic gains that could result from substituting revenues from environmental taxes for conventional, distortionary taxes on labor income or other goods and services. Emerging from this literature is the double dividend hypothesis that the economic gains from environmental taxes will be greater if the revenues are used to reduce distortionary taxes rather than be returned to consumers through lump sum transfers. Most theoretical and empirical research on the double dividend has been conducted under the assumption of a closed economy. This assumption removes the possibly important effects of interregional factor mobility and interregional trade. Moreover it is an unrealistic assumption for most economies, and especially for those of small countries or sub national political jurisdictions, such as states.

Anbieter: Dodax AT
Stand: 23.01.2020
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Hierachical Regression Equations
68,00 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

Taxes on environmental externalities have long been recognized in the economics literature as a cost effective mechanism for reducing the costs of environmental degradation. However, in recent years there has been substantial interest in other possible benefits from environmental taxes, most notably, the economic gains that could result from substituting revenues from environmental taxes for conventional, distortionary taxes on labor income or other goods and services. Emerging from this literature is the double dividend hypothesis that the economic gains from environmental taxes will be greater if the revenues are used to reduce distortionary taxes rather than be returned to consumers through lump sum transfers. Most theoretical and empirical research on the double dividend has been conducted under the assumption of a closed economy. This assumption removes the possibly important effects of interregional factor mobility and interregional trade. Moreover it is an unrealistic assumption for most economies, and especially for those of small countries or sub national political jurisdictions, such as states.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 23.01.2020
Zum Angebot
From Geopolitics to Geoeconomics
60,70 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

Supporting regional integration has become acornerstone of the European Union s relations with other regionalgroupings across the world. The policy has evolved considerably frommodest beginnings in the 1980s to increasing commitments in bothquantitative and qualitative terms in more recent years. This studyexamines the motivations that underpin this policy evolution,drawing on rich evidence from EU interregional relations withMercosur, the Andean Community and Central America. By carefully tracingEU support for regional integration from the 1980s until today,Tobias Lenz argues that the underlying policy motivations of relevant EUactors have shifted from considerations of geopolitics to ageoeconomic impetus. This development has been accompanied by andinteracted with a strategic rivalry with the United States. This studyis of interest to students of EU external relations and comparativeregionalism.

Anbieter: Dodax AT
Stand: 23.01.2020
Zum Angebot
From Geopolitics to Geoeconomics
59,00 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

Supporting regional integration has become acornerstone of the European Union s relations with other regionalgroupings across the world. The policy has evolved considerably frommodest beginnings in the 1980s to increasing commitments in bothquantitative and qualitative terms in more recent years. This studyexamines the motivations that underpin this policy evolution,drawing on rich evidence from EU interregional relations withMercosur, the Andean Community and Central America. By carefully tracingEU support for regional integration from the 1980s until today,Tobias Lenz argues that the underlying policy motivations of relevant EUactors have shifted from considerations of geopolitics to ageoeconomic impetus. This development has been accompanied by andinteracted with a strategic rivalry with the United States. This studyis of interest to students of EU external relations and comparativeregionalism.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 23.01.2020
Zum Angebot
Fiscal Federalism in the EMU
50,40 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

With the creation of the EMU, member countries have abandoned their monetary policy sovereignty for the benefits of the Euro. Previously, output fluctuations between countries could automatically be absorbed by an adjustment of the relative exchange rate between the national economies. It is frequently argued that the loss of this channel must be compensated by an appropriate fiscal policy tool to avoid large and protracted regional swings in economic growth and unemployment. A fiscal federation could serve as a centralized insurance mechanism against idiosyncratic, transitory shocks among the member states. The paper establishes a framework for an interregional insurance mechanism and applies the methodology to a sample of EMU countries. The empirical results reveal the potential magnitude of insurance provided by a redistributive mechanism and allow conclusions as to whether a fiscal federation should be established in the EMU.

Anbieter: Dodax AT
Stand: 23.01.2020
Zum Angebot
Fiscal Federalism in the EMU
49,00 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

With the creation of the EMU, member countries have abandoned their monetary policy sovereignty for the benefits of the Euro. Previously, output fluctuations between countries could automatically be absorbed by an adjustment of the relative exchange rate between the national economies. It is frequently argued that the loss of this channel must be compensated by an appropriate fiscal policy tool to avoid large and protracted regional swings in economic growth and unemployment. A fiscal federation could serve as a centralized insurance mechanism against idiosyncratic, transitory shocks among the member states. The paper establishes a framework for an interregional insurance mechanism and applies the methodology to a sample of EMU countries. The empirical results reveal the potential magnitude of insurance provided by a redistributive mechanism and allow conclusions as to whether a fiscal federation should be established in the EMU.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 23.01.2020
Zum Angebot
CIUTI-Forum 2009
58,95 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

The CIUTI FORUM 2009 Translating the Future focused on translation in a world in transition within the context of globalization. Recent political developments seem to be leading to a world society that is polycentric and multipolar. An international system will emerge that will be characterized by a new inter-regionalisation through a large number of interregional arrangements of various forms of economic integration projects all over the world. Following the example of the European Union, they will evolve into competing regional entities like ASEAN in Southeast Asia, NAFTA in North America, or MERCOSUR in South America. Confronted with these new geopolitical settings, the CIUTI FORUM 2009 focused on these regions which will probably develop into strong economic powers, alongside the United States and the European Union. Owing to this multi-lateralizing inter-regionalism, the exchange of goods, products and services in industry and finance will continue growing exponentially, a fact that correlates with an extremely high demand for foreign language services of all kinds. This increased need has resulted in new challenges and tasks, not only for practicing professional translators and their professional organizations, but also for translation education institutions. Contributions are made in either French or English, special stress is put on the training and intercultural communication with China, taking into account the economic and political issues, on which experts focus from an international, interdisciplinary and multifaceted perspective.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 23.01.2020
Zum Angebot
CIUTI-Forum 2009
60,95 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

The CIUTI FORUM 2009 Translating the Future focused on translation in a world in transition within the context of globalization. Recent political developments seem to be leading to a world society that is polycentric and multipolar. An international system will emerge that will be characterized by a new inter-regionalisation through a large number of interregional arrangements of various forms of economic integration projects all over the world. Following the example of the European Union, they will evolve into competing regional entities like ASEAN in Southeast Asia, NAFTA in North America, or MERCOSUR in South America. Confronted with these new geopolitical settings, the CIUTI FORUM 2009 focused on these regions which will probably develop into strong economic powers, alongside the United States and the European Union. Owing to this multi-lateralizing inter-regionalism, the exchange of goods, products and services in industry and finance will continue growing exponentially, a fact that correlates with an extremely high demand for foreign language services of all kinds. This increased need has resulted in new challenges and tasks, not only for practicing professional translators and their professional organizations, but also for translation education institutions. Contributions are made in either French or English, special stress is put on the training and intercultural communication with China, taking into account the economic and political issues, on which experts focus from an international, interdisciplinary and multifaceted perspective.

Anbieter: Dodax AT
Stand: 23.01.2020
Zum Angebot