Erscheinungsdatum: 31.07.1977, Medium: Taschenbuch, Einband: Kartoniert / Broschiert, Titel: Regional economic structure and environmental pollution, Titelzusatz: An application of interregional models, Auflage: 1976, Autor: Coupé, B. E. M. G., Verlag: Springer US, Sprache: Englisch, Rubrik: Volkswirtschaft, Seiten: 180, Informationen: Paperback, Gewicht: 270 gr, Verkäufer: averdo
Erscheinungsdatum: 27.11.2002, Medium: Taschenbuch, Einband: Kartoniert / Broschiert, Titel: A Theory of Interregional Dynamics, Titelzusatz: Models of Capital, Knowledge and Economic Structures, Auflage: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 2003, Autor: Zhang, Wei-Bin, Verlag: Springer Berlin Heidelberg // Springer Berlin, Sprache: Englisch, Schlagworte: Globalisierung // Ökonomik // Region // Regionalisierung // Wirtschaftstheorie und // philosophie // Internationale Wirtschaft // Wirtschaftspolitik // politische Ökonomie // Geographie, Rubrik: Volkswirtschaft, Seiten: 248, Informationen: Paperback, Gewicht: 382 gr, Verkäufer: averdo
Regional economic structure and environmental pollution ab 92.99 EURO An application of interregional models. Auflage 1976
National and European transport models become increasingly important. The broadening of national transport policy from strategic infrastructure investments to infrastructure management strengthens the need for advanced and more policy sensitive tools of analysis. The increase of interregional and international mobility requires forecasting tools that go beyond the urban or regional level. The competition for national infrastructure investments among regions and for Trans-European investments among nations has to be resolved by decisions and decision support systems at the appropriate spatial level. Environmental impacts transcend regional and national boundaries and transport policies affecting these environmental impacts involve all spatial levels. This volume presents the state of the art and prospects of a sample of the most advanced national and European transport models within a comparative framework.
This study aims at highlighting the characteristics of the diverging EU-US "new-regional" and "interregional" policies, as well as their implications on the transatlantic relationship. The book focuses on the political and economical factors that might account for the EU/NAFTA institutionalisation gap and on the alternative world order models behind the EU and the US interregional strategies ("Pax Europaea" vs. "Pax Americana"). The problems overshadowing the transatlantic link in the post-Cold War international system are addressed through a specific question: will the spreading of the new regionalism favor or affect the building of a re-defined and balanced transatlantic partnership? The proposed answer implies that the EU and US respective regional and interregional policies are shaping a competitive transatlantic dynamics, which the EU can only face by increasing the coherence of its internal system of governance.
In this book, the author's strong commitment to the multi-disciplinary field of regional science emerges to provide a unifying framework between spatial modelling traditions from quantitative geography and those from spatial economics, whereby each is enhanced. Starting with a detailed discussion of each field illustrated with numerical examples, the two traditions are brought together by either making the economic models probabilistic or transforming the objectives of the geographic models to reflect both utility theory and production theory. The ideas are applied to develop urban models of activity analysis, face-to-face contacts and housing supply, as well as regional models in the areas of input-output analysis, imperfect competition and interregional migration.
This book highlights the social, economic and environmental importance of the mutual relations between industries in the same and in different regions and nations, and demonstrates how to model these relations using regional, interregional and international input-output (IO) models. It enables readers familiar with standard matrix algebra to extend these basic IO models with endogenous household expenditures, to employ supply-use tables (SUTs) that explicitly distinguish the products used and sold by industry, and to use Social Accounting Matrices (SAMs) that detail the generation, redistribution and spending of income. In addition to the standard demand-driven IO quantity model and its accompanying cost-push IO price model, the book also discusses the economic assumptions and usefulness of the supply-driven IO quantity model and its accompanying revenue-pull IO price model. The final chapters highlight three main applications of the IO model: (1) economic impact analysis of negative supply shocks as caused by, for example, natural disasters, (2) linkages, key sector and cluster analysis, (3) structural decomposition analysis, especially of regional, interregional and international growth, and demonstrate the strengths and weaknesses of these IO applications. This book appeals to economists and planners as well as scholars of regional and spatial science.
The use of world-systems theory to explain the spread of social complexity has become accepted practice by both historians and archaeologists. Gil Stein now offers the first rigorous test of world systems as a model in archaeology, arguing that the application of world-systems theory to noncapitalist, pre-fifteenth-century societies distorts our understanding of developmental change by overemphasizing the role of external over internal dynamics. In this new study, Stein proposes two complementary theoretical frameworks for the study of interregional interaction: a 'distance-parity' model, which views world-systems as simply one factor in a broader range of intersocietal relations, and a 'trade-diaspora' model, which explains variation in exchange systems from the perspective of participant groups. He tests his models against the archaeological record of Mesopotamian expansion into the Anatolian highlands during the fourth millennium B.C. Whereas some scholars have considered this 'Uruk expansion' to be one of the earliest documented world-systems, Stein uses data from the site of Hacinebi in southeastern Turkey to support his alternate perspective. Comparing economic data from pre- and postcontact phases, Stein shows that the Mesopotamians did not dominate the people of this distant periphery. Such evidence, argues Stein, shows that we must look more closely at the local cultures of peripheries to develop realistic cross-cultural models of variation in colonialism, exchange, and secondary state formation in ancient societies. By demonstrating that a multitude of factors affect the nature and consequences of intersocietal contacts, his book advocates a much-needed balance betweenrecognizing that no society can be understood in complete isolation from its neighbors and assuming the primacy of outside contact in a society's development.
This book gives an overview of different factors involved in the emergence and change in early urban societies in fourth-millennium Mesopotamia and Egypt; pre-Shang China; Classie horizon Central Mexico, Oaxaca, and the Maya Area; and Middle Horizon societies in the Andean Region. These factors range from centralized storage and redistributive econo mies, agromanagerial models, mercantile network control, confliet and conquest, conversion of military commanders into administrators, political power through monumental cosmic reproduction, and elite power through ideological change. It discusses specific archaeological data useful in theoretieal construction. In the Introduction, a discussion of different developmental processes of urban societies is made. The Eastern Anatolian example emphasizes the role played by interregional exchange networks linking the Mesopotamian plains with the Syro-Anatolian regions. The emergence of an elite is related with the control of the movement of craft goods and raw materials, more than with the appropriation of subsistence goods. The Chinese example stresses the importance of conflict provoked by demographie pressures on resources. The Mesoamerican cases relate to vast urban developments and manu facturing centers, ideological importance of monumental planning, and changing behavior of elites. The Andean cases are related either to the transformation of theocratie leadership into military administrators oe to the agricultural intensification model.