Angebote zu "Change" (39 Treffer)

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Methane Emissions from Major Rice Ecosystems in...
220,00 CHF *
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Rice production is affected by changing climate conditions and has the dual role of contributing to global warming through emissions of the greenhouse gas methane. Climate change has been recognized as a major threat to the global environment. Because of insufficient field data, rice-growing countries face a problem when trying to comply with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change stipulations to compile a national inventory of emissions and to explore mitigation options. Given the expected doubling in rice production in Asia, the need to evaluate the interaction between climate change and rice production is critical to forming a sound basis for future directions of technology developments by policy makers, agriculturists, environmentalists, rice producers, and rice consumers. The present book comprises two sections. The first part documents a comprehensive overview of the results achieved from an interregional research effort to quantify methane emission from major rice ecosystems and to identify efficient mitigation options. This research report broadens understanding of the contribution of rice cultivation to methane emissions and clarifies that emissions are relatively low, except in specific rice ecosystems, and that these high emissions could be ameliorated without sacrificing yield. The second section shows results from other projects that investigated the role of rice cultivators in field and laboratory approaches. The findings represent inputs for future modeling approaches in the role of rice cultivators. The expanded database generated by other projects is reflected in modeling efforts.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 22.09.2020
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Rethinking World-Systems
98,90 CHF *
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The use of world-systems theory to explain the spread of social complexity has become accepted practice by both historians and archaeologists. Gil Stein now offers the first rigorous test of world systems as a model in archaeology, arguing that the application of world-systems theory to noncapitalist, pre-fifteenth-century societies distorts our understanding of developmental change by overemphasizing the role of external over internal dynamics. In this new study, Stein proposes two complementary theoretical frameworks for the study of interregional interaction: a 'distance-parity' model, which views world-systems as simply one factor in a broader range of intersocietal relations, and a 'trade-diaspora' model, which explains variation in exchange systems from the perspective of participant groups. He tests his models against the archaeological record of Mesopotamian expansion into the Anatolian highlands during the fourth millennium B.C. Whereas some scholars have considered this 'Uruk expansion' to be one of the earliest documented world-systems, Stein uses data from the site of Hacinebi in southeastern Turkey to support his alternate perspective. Comparing economic data from pre- and postcontact phases, Stein shows that the Mesopotamians did not dominate the people of this distant periphery. Such evidence, argues Stein, shows that we must look more closely at the local cultures of peripheries to develop realistic cross-cultural models of variation in colonialism, exchange, and secondary state formation in ancient societies. By demonstrating that a multitude of factors affect the nature and consequences of intersocietal contacts, his book advocates a much-needed balance betweenrecognizing that no society can be understood in complete isolation from its neighbors and assuming the primacy of outside contact in a society's development.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 22.09.2020
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Emergence and Change in Early Urban Societies
182,00 CHF *
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This book gives an overview of different factors involved in the emergence and change in early urban societies in fourth-millennium Mesopotamia and Egypt; pre-Shang China; Classie horizon Central Mexico, Oaxaca, and the Maya Area; and Middle Horizon societies in the Andean Region. These factors range from centralized storage and redistributive econo mies, agromanagerial models, mercantile network control, confliet and conquest, conversion of military commanders into administrators, political power through monumental cosmic reproduction, and elite power through ideological change. It discusses specific archaeological data useful in theoretieal construction. In the Introduction, a discussion of different developmental processes of urban societies is made. The Eastern Anatolian example emphasizes the role played by interregional exchange networks linking the Mesopotamian plains with the Syro-Anatolian regions. The emergence of an elite is related with the control of the movement of craft goods and raw materials, more than with the appropriation of subsistence goods. The Chinese example stresses the importance of conflict provoked by demographie pressures on resources. The Mesoamerican cases relate to vast urban developments and manu facturing centers, ideological importance of monumental planning, and changing behavior of elites. The Andean cases are related either to the transformation of theocratie leadership into military administrators oe to the agricultural intensification model.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 22.09.2020
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Methane Emissions from Major Rice Ecosystems in...
282,00 CHF *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

Rice production is affected by changing climate conditions and has the dual role of contributing to global warming through emissions of the greenhouse gas methane. Climate change has been recognized as a major threat to the global environment. Because of insufficient field data, rice-growing countries face a problem when trying to comply with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change stipulations to compile a national inventory of emissions and to explore mitigation options. Given the expected doubling in rice production in Asia, the need to evaluate the interaction between climate change and rice production is critical to forming a sound basis for future directions of technology developments by policy makers, agriculturists, environmentalists, rice producers, and rice consumers. The present book comprises two sections. The first part documents a comprehensive overview of the results achieved from an interregional research effort to quantify methane emission from major rice ecosystems and to identify efficient mitigation options. This research report broadens understanding of the contribution of rice cultivation to methane emissions and clarifies that emissions are relatively low, except in specific rice ecosystems, and that these high emissions could be ameliorated without sacrificing yield. The second section shows results from other projects that investigated the role of rice cultivators in field and laboratory approaches. The findings represent inputs for future modeling approaches in the role of rice cultivators. The expanded database generated by other projects is reflected in modeling efforts.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 22.09.2020
Zum Angebot
Mixtecs, Zapotecs, and Chatinos
138,00 CHF *
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'Mixtecs, Zapotecs, and Chatinos: Ancient Peoples of Southern Mexico' examines the origins, history, and interrelationships of the civilizations that arose and flourished in Oaxaca. Provides an up-to-date summary of the current state of research findings and archaeological evidenceUses contemporary social theory to address many key problems relating to archaeology of the Americas, including the dynamics of social life and the rise and fall of civilizationsAdds clarity to ongoing debates over cultural change and interregional interactions in ancient Mesoamerican societiesSupplemented with compelling illustrations, photographs, and line drawings of various archaeological sites and artifacts

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 22.09.2020
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International Cooperation within the New Region...
130,00 CHF *
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The Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) is one of the earliest forums that put substance into the idea of cooperation between several regional organizations. Among the three core regions in the world: Europe, North America and East Asia, interregional arrangements have been developed in various forms. ASEM emerged in 1996, with an aim to strengthen the 'missing link' in the triadic interregional relationship. ASEM's success in initiating dialogue and cooperation between Asia and EU in economic, political and social dimensions, reflected in a plethora of meetings, conferences, seminars and activities, has created its own challenges and expectations. The success of ASEM depends on both functional and cognitive changes in both regions. ASEM progress has been made in economic cooperation. In contrast, political and security dialogues have confirmed the different positions of members, though the Seoul meeting (2000), opened the potential for interregional political cooperation. Asymmetric progress between the two parties in regional integration shows that cognitive change cannot take place overnight. Therefore, for ASEM to flourish, both interregional and intraregional changes are required.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 22.09.2020
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Regional Science: Perspectives for the Future
156,00 CHF *
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This book contains up-to-date original contributions by some of the world's best known experts in the area of urban and regional science. Regional science provides the theoretical basis of urban and regional planning. The subject covers such topics as regional development, regional accounts, spatial price computation, regional and interregional knowledge networks and measurement of regional quality of life. A considerable amount of change has taken place in the spatial pattern of socio-economic activities and their interactions over the last half of the century leading to the need for more advanced tools of analysis in regional science. This book fulfils this need.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 22.09.2020
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Developments in Econometric Analyses of Product...
168,00 CHF *
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1 Econometric Approaches to Productivity Measurement: A Brief Overview.- 1.1 Introduction.- 1.2 Index of Total Factor Productivity.- 1.3 Total Factor Productivity versus Labor Productivity.- 1.4 Influence of Imported Intermediate Inputs on Productivity Measures.- 1.5 Frontier Functions.- 1.6 Productivity of Inputs Used, Elasticity of Substitution, and Economies of Scale.- 1.7 Final Remarks.- References.- 2 Intertemporal Changes in the Levels of Regional Labor Productivity in Canadian Manufacturing.- 2.1 Introduction.- 2.2 A Conceptual Framework for Interregional and Intertemporal Productivity Comparisons.- 2.3 Interpreting Labor Productivity Growth.- 2.4 Trends in Labor Productivity.- 2.5 Labor Productivity in Two-Digit Regional Manufacturing Industries.- 2.6 Differences in the Levels of Labor Productivity.- 2.7 Labor Productivity Levels in Ontario and Quebec Two-Digit Industries.- 2.8 Summary.- References.- 3 Growth Accounting in an Open Economy.- 3.1 Introduction.- 3.2 Value Added.- 3.3 Deliveries to Final Demand.- 3.4 Aggregation over Sectors in an Open Economy.- 3.5 Conclusion.- References.- 4 A Comparison of Alternative Frontier Cost Function Specifications.- 4.1 Introduction.- 4.2 The Frontier Cost Function.- 4.3 Data and Estimation Procedures.- 4.4 Frontier Estimation Results.- 4.5 Conclusion.- Notes.- References.- Appendix to Chapter 4.- 5 A Factor Augmenting Approach for Studying Capital Measurement, Obsolescence, and the Recent Productivity Slowdown.- 5.1 Introduction.- 5.2 Explanations of the Recent Slowdown.- 5.3 The Trouble with Pollution and Energy.- 5.4 The Relevance of Technical Change Measures.- 5.5 Theory of Estimating Technical Change.- 5.6 The Cost Function.- 5.7 Technical Change Series.- 5.8 Data and Estimation.- 5.9 Results.- 5.10 Conclusions.- References.- 6 Simultaneous Estimation of Factor Substitution, Economies of Scale Productivity, and Non-Neutral Technical Change.- 6.1 Introduction.- 6.2 Specification.- 6.3 Functional Form.- 6.4 Estimation.- 6.5 Data.- 6.6 Empirical Results.- 6.7 Scale Effects.- 6.8 Changing Input Prices.- 6.9 Technological Change.- 6.10 Summary and Conclusions.- References.- 7 Lie Group Methods and the Theory of Estimating Total Productivity.- 7.1 Introduction and Summary.- 7.2 Holotheticity and the Scale Effect: Lie Group Theory.- 7.3 Estimation Procedures.- 7.4 Estimation of the Scale Effect.- 7.5 The Lie Operator Technique for Estimating Productivity.- 7.6 The Effect of Technical Progress Represented by New Forms of the Production Function.- References.- Name Index.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 22.09.2020
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China's Regional Development
51,90 CHF *
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China is a large developing economy and it has been deeply involved in globalization since its economic reform and opening-up. Simultaneously, China has seen a significant change in the spatial distribution of economic resources, especially capital and labor. In the recent 10 years, economists have made significant progress in both theoretical and empirical studies on related topics. The book provides an overview on the existing literature and current policy debates on what we have known and what we have misunderstood. This book includes an analytical framework of the New Economic Geography (NEG) with political economy to help us understand China's regional development issues. The book of 10 chapters is organized into four thematic sections. The first section is a theoretical discussion on the relationship between economic agglomeration and interregional balanced development. The second section is a political economy analysis on regional and urban-rural development. The third section provides a summary on empirical literatures concerning from market segmentation and institutional barriers to production factor mobility. The final section consists of four empirical chapters on the relationship between agglomeration and balance, which is the core of relevant policy debates. The book argues that for China to achieve both efficiency and balance for regional development, China may need to reform its systems which constrain production factors mobility. This book is a valuable reference for readers who are interested in spatial economics and the Chinese economy, especially its regional and urban development.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 22.09.2020
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